what caused the izmit earthquake 1999

Earthquake - Izmit (Turkey), 16 August 1999 Izmit (Turkey) - A strong earthquake shook north-western Turkey, levelling buildings, cutting power and phone lines and sending frightened residents into the streets, local radio reported. Izmit earthquake - Introduction . The Mw 7. The 1999 İzmit earthquake (also known as the Kocaeli, Gölcük, or Marmara earthquake) occurred on 17 August at 03:01:40 local time in northwestern Turkey.The shock had a moment magnitude of 7.6 and a maximum Mercalli intensity of IX (Violent).The event lasted for 37 seconds, killing around 17,000 people and left approximately half a million people homeless. Map of Izmit Buildings were razed to the ground and electricity and telephone lines cut in Izmit, northwest Turkey, by a strong earthquake that shook the region on 17 August 1999, and forced the frightened residents out onto the streets. A clear source model for the Izmit earthquake would be expected with these data sets, and in fact some models have been proposed ( Çemen . As a result 17000 people died and almost 500,000 people were rendered homeless. The M w = 7.4 Izmit earthquake was a unique event in Turkey in that it occurred in an area where several kinds of data are available: far‐field, near‐field, strong‐motion and weak‐motion seismograms and also GPS data. Historical Earthquakes and Crustal Movements along the North Anatolian Fault (from Stein et al., 1996) There has been an interesting pattern to this seismic activity.

The August 17, 1999 Izmit earthquake was the eleventh of such a series that have broken segments of the NAF, in both eastward and westward direction. Introduction. 4 magnitude on Richter scale struck city of Izmit in Turkey. The Mw 7. An EQE Briefing—1999 Izmit, Turkey Earthquake (M7.4) GENERAL OVERVIEW A 45-second earthquake of Richter magnitude 7.4 (M7.4) occurred in Turkey on Tuesday, August 17, 1999 at 3:01 a.m. local time. The epicenter was approximately 7 miles (11 km) southeast of Izmit, an industrial city approximately 56 miles (90 km) east of Istanbul. On 17 August, 1999 an earthquake of 7. The 1999 Izmit Earthquake Disaster Report, TurkeyIntroductionIn the year 1999, turkey was hit by a serious earthquake known as the Kocaeli. 4 earthquake is one of the world’s largest and best studied earth’s horizontal movement (strike slip faults). This earthquake caused a 120 km surface rupture, with right lateral offsets of 1.5-5 m (Fig.6). The Izmit earthquake is remarkable in being the latest in a series of 11 major (M>6.7) earthquakes this century that have broken more than a 1000 km length of the North Anatolian fault.

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